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In this page: FDI in Figures | What to consider if you invest in Hong Kong | Protection of Foreign Investment | Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment | Office Real Estate and Land Ownership | Investment Aid | Investment Opportunities | Sectors Where Investment Opportunities Are Fewer | Finding Assistance For Further Information
According to the 2018 World Investment Report released by UNCTAD, Hong Kong received USD 104 billion in FDI in 2017, 11 percent less than in 2016. Hong Kong is a hub for foreign MNEs' regional headquarters, and was affected by the fluctuation of intracompany loans in 2016 and 2017. However, despite two consecutive years in which FDI flows are down, the country is the 3rd largest flow recipient in 2017, behind the United States and China. In Asia, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, India and Indonesia captured in 2017 about 4/5 of inflows. The stock of FDI has increased by 21% between 2016 and 2017, reaching nearly $ 1,970 billion. Hong Kong is also one of the largest providers of FDI in the world.
The main investing countries in 2017 are China, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the United States, Bermuda and Japan. The vast majority (80%) of investments are intended for financial activities: holding, real estate, finance, insurance, banking etc. Trade, construction, information and communication are the other sectors attracting FDI in 2017.
The country is attractive due to several strong factors: its strategic position (it is a gateway to the Chinese market), its status as a free port; its simple tax system that provides many incentives, its good infrastructure and judicial security. According to the Doing Business 2018 ranking issued by the World Bank, Hong Kong ranks 5th out of 190 countries in business climate.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2015||2016||2017|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||174,353||117,387||104,333|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||1,591,627||1,626,013||1,968,645|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||199||205||203|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||251.6||156.6||n/a|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||514.4||496.1||n/a|
Source: UNCTAD, Latest available data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
|Main Investing Countries||2016, in %|
|British Virgin Islands||26.4|
|Main Invested Sectors||2016, in %|
|Investment holdings, real estate services and miscellaneous services||55.9|
|Banks and deposit companies||15.7|
|Wholesale, retail trade and import/export||10.8|
|Financing (except banking, investment and holding companies)||6.7|
|Information and communication||1.7|
Source: Hong Kong Statistics Office - Latest available data.
Hong Kong is an international leader in terms of international trade and a services centre with high added value. The country is also the bridgehead to one of the largest production bases in the world, China. Hong Kong has a sound economy and a stable and efficient financial and banking system. Hong Kong is a place of choice for companies, for several reasons:
However, there are limiting aspects to consider in the perspective of a Hong Kong presence. Here is a non-exhaustive list:
Hong Kong is currently negotiating agreements with the following countries: Chile, Singapore, Russia.
|Hong Kong||East Asia & Pacific||United States||Germany|
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||10.0||5.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||8.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||9.0||6.0||4.0||8.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||8.0||5.2||6.5||6.0|
Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.